Telephone & CATV

COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY Telecommunication is communication at a distance by technological means, particularly through electrical signals or electromagnetic waves. These are technologies for the transfer of information via electrical or light technologies. Visual Light communications (fires, flashes of light, smoke signals) Radio and TV communication Telegraph communications Telephone communications (partly superseded converged by the , or... Continue Reading →

Solar Energy System

Introduction of Solar   Solar energy works by capturing the sun’s energy and turning it into electricity for home or business. Our sun is a natural nuclear reactor. It releases tiny packets of energy called photons, which travel the 93 million miles from the sun to Earth in about 8.5 minutes. Every hour, enough photons impact our planet... Continue Reading →

Lightning Protection System

Theory of Lightning Protection System (LPS) A Lightning Protection System (LPS) is the system that provides a means by which a lightning discharge may enter or leave earth without passing through and damaging personnel, electrical equipment, and non-conducting structures such as buildings. A Lightning Protection System does not prevent lightning from striking; it provides a... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION Gases are everywhere. You may have heard about the atmosphere. The atmosphere is an envelope of gases that surrounds the Earth. In solids, atoms and molecules are compact and close together. Liquids have atoms that are spread out a little more. The molecules in gases are really spread out, full of energy, and constantly... Continue Reading →

Lighting System

Basic Theory Light is a form of radiant energy that travels in waves made up of vibrating electric and magnetic fields. These waves have both a frequency and a length, the values of which distinguish light from other forms of energy on the electromagnetic spectrum. Visible light, as can be seen on the electromagnetic spectrum,... Continue Reading →

Electricity System

Principles of Electricity Atomic Theory Toward the end of the 19th­ century, science­ was barreling along at an impressive pace. Automobiles and aircraft were on the verge of changing the way the world moved, and electric power was steadily making its way into more and more homes. Yet even scientists of the day still viewed... Continue Reading →


Background & Definition The sight of a dustbin overflowing and the stench rising from it are all too familiar sights and smells of a crowded City. You look away from it and hold your nose as you cross it. Have you ever thought that you also have a role to play in the creation of... Continue Reading →

Sanitary Appliances

TYPES OF SANITARY SYSTEM In general, there are three type of sanitary system which is single-stack system, two-pipe system and fully vented one-pipe system. i. Single-stack system A simplified system to the pipe works which related to the soil, waste and vent pipes. The main principle is to group fittings/ appliances around the stack with... Continue Reading →

Tanjung Piai & SAJ study tour

Tanjung Piai   On 24th September, two of our group member were selected along with representatives of other groups to do a study tour at Tanjung Piai, Johor. There were also students from University of Pretoria, South Africa. The main purpose of this visit to Tanjung Piai is to study about the services there. Tanjung... Continue Reading →

Water Treatment Process

  Water Treatment Process  This is a building which our group are agreed to discuss about with the topic of a water treatment of this building. CICT is a full form of Centre of Information and Communication Technology. It’s a building which is opposite of N24. It belongs to Faculty of Computing, and It’s a... Continue Reading →

Powered by

Up ↑